University of Wisconsin–Madison


Journal Articles

Click on a year below to browse our published research articles

  • 2017

    Qiu J, SC Carpenter, EG Booth, MM Motew, SC Zipper, CJ Kucharik, X Chen, SP Loheide II, J Seifert, MG Turner. Scenarios reveal pathways to sustain future ecosystem services in an agricultural landscape. 2017. Ecol Appl. doi:10.1002/eap.1633

    Soylu, M.E., S.P. Loheide II, and C.J. Kucharik. 2017. Effects of root distribution and root water compensation on simulated water use in maize influenced by shallow groundwater. Vadose Zone J. 16(10). doi:10.2136/vzj2017.06.0118

    Zipper SC, ME Soylu, CJ Kucharik, SP Loheide II. (2017) Indirect groundwater-mediated effects of urbanization on agroecosystem productivity: Introducing MODFLOW-AgroIBIS (MAGI), a complete critical zone model. Ecological Modelling, 359: 201-219. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.06.002

    Teodosio B, V Pauwels , SP Loheide II, and E Daly (2017), Relationship between root water uptake and soil respiration: a modeling perspective, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences., doi:10.1002/2017JG003831

    Nocco MA, GJ Kraft, SP Loheide II, and CJ Kucharik, (2017) Drivers of potential recharge from irrigated agroecosystems in the Wisconsin Central Sands, Vadose Zone Journal, doi: 10.2136/vzj2017.01.0008.

    Motew MM, X Chen, EG Booth, SR Carpenter, P Pinkas, SC Zipper, SP Loheide II, SD Donner, K Tsuruta, P Vadas, CJ Kucharik. (2017) The influence of legacy P on lake water quality in a Midwestern agricultural watershed. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-017-0125-0.

    Zipper, S. C., J. Schatz, C. J. Kucharik, and P. Loheide (2017), Urban heat island-induced increases in evapotranspirative demand, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2016GL072190, doi:10.1002/2016GL072190.

    Ankenbauer, K. J., and P. Loheide (2017), The effects of soil organic matter on soil water retention and plant water use in a meadow of the Sierra Nevada, CA, Hydrol. Process., 31(4), 891–901, doi:10.1002/hyp.11070.

  • 2016

    Booth, E. G., J. Qiu, S. R. Carpenter, J. Schatz, X. Chen, C. J. Kucharik, S. P. Loheide, M. M. Motew, J. M. Seifert, and M. G. Turner (2016), From qualitative to quantitative environmental scenarios: Translating storylines into biophysical modeling inputs at the watershed scale, Environ. Modell. Softw., 85, 80–97, doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.08.008.

    Booth, E. G., C. Zipper, S. P. Loheide, and C. J. Kucharik (2016), Is groundwater recharge always serving us well? Water supply provisioning, crop production, and flood attenuation in conflict in Wisconsin, USA, Ecosyst. Serv., 21, 153–165, doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.08.007.

    Kang, Y., M. Ozdogan, C. Zipper, M.O. Roman, J. Walker, S.-Y. Hong, M. Marshall, V. Magliulo, J. Moreno, L. Alonso, A. Miyata, B. Kimball & S.P. Loheide II (2016), How Universal Is the Relationship between Remotely Sensed Vegetation Indices and Crop Leaf Area Index? A Global Assessment, Remote Sens., 8(7), 597, doi:10.3390/rs8070597.

    Sourbeer, J. J., and S. P. Loheide (2016), Obstacles to long-term soil moisture monitoring with heated distributed temperature sensing, Hydrol. Process., 30(7), 1017–1035, doi:10.1002/hyp.10615.

    Vose, J. M., C. F. Miniat, C. H. Luce, H. Asbjornsen, P. V. Caldwell, J. L. Campbell, G. E. Grant, D. J. Isaak, S. P. Loheide, and G. Sun (2016), Ecohydrological implications of drought for forests in the United States, For. Ecol. Manage., 380, 335–345, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2016.03.025.

    Zipper, S. C., J. Schatz, A. Singh, C. J. Kucharik, P. A. Townsend, and S. P. Loheide (2016), Urban heat island impacts on plant phenology: intra-urban variability and response to land cover, Environ. Res. Lett., 11(5), 054023, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054023.

  • 2015

    Carpenter SR, EG Booth, S Gillon, CJ Kucharik, SP Loheide II, AS Mase, M Motew, J Qiu, AR Rissman, J Seifert, E Soylu, M Turner, and CB Wardropper (2015). Plausible futures of a social-ecological system: Yahara watershed, Wisconsin, USA. Ecology and Society 20(2): 10.

    Miller JF, SP Loheide II, (2015) Visualizing Large Data Sets: Spatial and Temporal Soil Moisture Regime Dynamics, Vadose Zone Journal, doi:10.2136/vzj2015.03.0037

    Zipper SC, ME Soylu, EG Booth, and SP Loheide II (2015), Untangling the effects of shallow groundwater and soil texture as drivers of subfield-scale yield variability, Water Resources Research. doi:10.1002/2015WR017522.P [featured as an EOS research spotlight]

  • 2014

    Zipper, S. C., and S. P. Loheide (2014), Using evapotranspiration to assess drought sensitivity on a subfield scale with HRMET, a high resolution surface energy balance model, Agric. For. Meteorol., 197, 91–102, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.06.009.

    Doherty, J. M., F. Miller, S. G. Prellwitz, A. M. Thompson, S. P. Loheide, and J. B. Zedler (2014), Hydrologic Regimes Revealed Bundles and Tradeoffs Among Six Wetland Services, Ecosystems, 17(6), 1026–1039, doi:10.1007/s10021-014-9775-3.

    Soylu, M. E., J. Kucharik, and S. P. Loheide (2014), Influence of groundwater on plant water use and productivity: Development of an integrated ecosystem – Variably saturated soil water flow model, Agric. For. Meteorol., 189, 198–210, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.01.019.

    Verma, P., P. Loheide, D. Eamus, and E. Daly (2014), Root water compensation sustains transpiration rates in an Australian woodland, Adv. Water Resour., 74, 91–101, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2014.08.013.

    Moore, C. E., S P. Loheide, C. S. Lowry, and J. D. Lundquist (2014), Instream Restoration to Improve the Ecohydrologic Function of a Subalpine Meadow: Pre-Implementation Modeling with Hec-Ras, J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., 50(4), 1033–1050, doi:10.1111/jawr.12155.

    Cristea, N. C., J. D. Lundquist, S. P. Loheide, C. S. Lowry, and C. E. Moore (2014), Modelling how vegetation cover affects climate change impacts on streamflow timing and magnitude in the snowmelt-dominated upper Tuolumne Basin, Sierra Nevada, Hydrol. Process., 28(12), 3896–3918, doi:10.1002/hyp.9909.

  • Older

    Weber MD, EG Booth, SP Loheide II, Dynamic ice formation in channels as a driver for stream-aquifer interactions, Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/grl.50620

    Deitchman RS, SP Loheide II, 2012, Climate sensitivity of thermal habitat of a trout stream, Wisconsin, USA, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 48 (6), 1091-1103, DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2012.00673.x [link]

    Orellana, F., P. Verma, S. P. Loheide II, and E. Daly, 2012. Monitoring and modeling water-vegetation interactions in groundwater-dependent ecosystems, Rev. Geophys., 50, RG3003, doi:10.1029/2011RG000383. [link]

    Booth EG, SP Loheide II, 2012. Hydroecological model predictions indicate wetter and more diverse soil water regimes and vegetation types following floodplain restoration, J. Geophys. Res., 117, G02011, doi:10.1029/2011JG001831. [link]

    Striegl AM, SP Loheide II, 2012. Heated distributed temperature sensing for field scale soil moisture monitoring, Groundwater, 50:3, 340-347 DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00928.x [link]

    Soylu ME, JD Lenters, E Istanbulluoglu, SP Loheide II, 2012. On evapotranspiration and shallow groundwater fluctuations: A Fourier-based improvement to the White method, Water Resour. Res., 48, W06506, doi:10.1029/2011WR010964. [link]

    Lowry CS, SP Loheide II, CE Moore, JD Lundquist, 2011. Groundwater controls on vegetation composition and patterning in mountain meadows, Water Resources Research, 47, W00J11, doi:10.1029/2010WR010086. [link]

    Booth EG, SP Loheide II, 2012. Comparing surface effective saturation and depth-to-water-level as predictors of plant composition in a restored floodplain wetland, Ecohydrology, DOI: 10.1002/eco.250. [link]

    Lundquist JD, SP Loheide II, 2011. How evaporative water losses vary between wet and dry water years as a function of elevation in the Sierra Nevada, California and critical factors for modeling, Water Resources Research, 47, doi:10.1029/2010WR010050. [link]

    Loheide SP II, EG Booth, 2011. Effects of changing channel morphology on vegetation, groundwater, and soil moisture regimes in groundwater dependent ecosystems, Geomorphology, doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.04.016. [link]

    Singha K, SP Loheide II, 2010. Linking physical and numerical modelling in hydrogeology using sand tank experiments and COMSOL Multiphysics,International Journal of Science Education, 1-25, DOI: 10.1080/09500693.2010.490570.

    Booth EG, SP Loheide II, 2010. Effects of evapotranspiration partitioning, plant water stress response, and topsoil removal on the soil moisture regime of a floodplain wetland: Implications for restoration, Hydrological Processes, 24(20): 2934-2946. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7707. [link]

    Lowry CS, JS Deems, SP Loheide II, JL Lundquist, 2010. Linking snowmelt derived recharge and groundwater flow in a high elevation meadow system, Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, Hydrological Processes, doi:10.1002/hyp.7714. [link]

    Loheide SP II, RS Deitchman, DJ Cooper, EC Wolf, CT Hammersmark, JD Lundquist, 2010. Reply to Comment by B. Hill and S. Mitchell-Brunker on “A framework for understanding the hydroecology of impacted wet meadows in the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges, California, USA, Hydrogeology Journal, doi:10.1007/s10040-010-0635-8.

    Lowry CS, SP Loheide II, 2010. Groundwater dependent vegetation: quantifying the groundwater subsidy, Water Resources Research, 46: W06202. doi:10.1029/2009WR008874. [link]

    Deitchman, R.S., S.P. Loheide II, 2009. Ground-based thermal imaging of groundwater flow processes at the seepage face Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2009GL038103 [link]

    Loheide S. P. II, J. D. Lundquist, 2009. Snowmelt-induced diel fluxes through the hyporheic zone, Water Resour. Res., 45, W07404, doi:10.1029/2008WR007329 [link]

    Booth, E.G., S.P. Loheide II, and R.H. Hansis, 2009. Postsettlement Alluvium Removal: A Novel Floodplain Restoration Technique (Wisconsin) Ecological Rest. 27(2): 136-139; DOI:10.3368/er.27.2.136 [link]

    Li, Q., K. Ito, Z.S. Wu, C.S. Lowry, S.P. Loheide II, 2009. COMSOL Multiphysics: A Novel Approach to Groundwater Modeling. Ground Water.(DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00584.x) [link]

    Loheide, S. P., II, R. S. Deitchman, D. J. Cooper, E. C. Wolf, C. T. Hammersmark, and J. D. Lundquist, 2009. Hydroecology of impacted wet meadows in the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges, CA. Hydrogeology Journal, 17:1, p. 229-246, doi: 10.1007/s10040-008-0380-4 [link]

    Loheide, S. P., II (2008) A method for estimating subdaily evapotranspiration of shallow groundwater using diurnal water table fluctuations. Ecohydrology., 1, p. 59-66, DOI: 10.1002/eco.7 [unformatted pdf], [link]

    Loheide, S. P., II, and S. M. Gorelick (2007), Riparian hydroecology: A coupled model of the observed interactions between groundwater flow and meadow vegetation patterning, Water Resour. Res., 43, W07414, doi:10.1029/2006WR005233[unformatted pdf], [link]

    Butler, J.J.,Jr., G.J. Kluitenberg, D.O. Whittemore, S.P. Loheide, II, W. Jin, M.A. Billinger, and X. Zhan (2007), A Field Investigation of Phreatophyte-Induced Fluctuations in the Water Table.  Water Resour. Res., 43, W02404, doi:10.1029/2005WR004627. [email me for reprint], [link]

    Loheide II, S. P. and S.M. Gorelick. 2006. Quantifying Stream-Aquifer Interactions Through Analysis of Remotely Sensed Thermographic Profiles and In-situ Temperature Histories. Environment, Science and Technology, 40, p. 3336-3341[email me for pdf], [link]

    Loheide II, S. P. and S.M. Gorelick. 2005. A High-Resolution Evapotranspiration Mapping Algorithm (ETMA) with Hydroecological Applications at Riparian Restoration Sites, Remote Sensing of Environment. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2005.07.003.[email me for pdf], [link]

    Loheide II, S. P., J.J. Butler Jr., and S.M. Gorelick. 2005. Estimation of Groundwater Consumption by Phreatophytes Using Diurnal Water Table Fluctuations: A Saturated-Unsaturated Flow Assessment, Water Resources Research (41:7), W07030 1-14, doi:10.1029/2005WR003942. [email me for pdf], [link]

    Cain, S., G. Davis, S, Loheide II, and J. Butler Jr. 2004. Noise in Pressure Transducer Readings Produced by Variations in Solar Radiation, Ground Water (42:6) 939-944. [pdf],  The definitive version is available at

    Butler, J.J., Jr., J.M. Healy, G.W. McCall, E.J. Garnett, and S.P. Loheide, II. 2002.  Hydraulic tests with direct-push equipment. Ground Water, 40(1), p. 25-36. [pdf],  The definitive version is available at

    Loheide, S.P., D.L. Cannon, and N.C. Krothe. 2001. Delineating groundwater flow paths using stable isotopes, Proceedings form the X International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction Conference, Sardina, Italy, pp.1545 – 1548. Villasimius, Italy. [pdf]

    Motzel, B.C., N.C. Krothe, C.B. Talbot and S.P. Loheide II. 2001. The Use of Nitrogen and Sulfur Isotopes in a Shallow Outwash Aquifer, New Approaches Characterizing Groundwater Flow, IAH, Seiler and Wohnlich Editors, ISBN 902651, pp. 595 – 599. [pdf]

    Coon, S.R., T.Y., Zakharian, N.L., Littlefield, S.P., Loheide, E.J., Puchkova, R.M., Freeney, & V.N., Pak. 2000. Reversible metachromasy of Crystal Violet on titanium dioxide: A new surface photophysical phenomenon. Langmuir, 16 (25), 9690-9693. [link]