Journal Articles

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DM Ciruzzi and SP Loheide II. (2023) Reconstructing groundwater and lake level histories in Northern Wisconsin: isolation of groundwater’s influence on tree rings from climatic and environmental drivers. Environ. Res. Lett.

Christopher J. Kucharik*, Eric G. Booth, Steven P. Loheide II, Rebecca Power, Adena R. Rissman, Jenny Seifert, Monica G. Turner (2023) Building US food-energy-water security requires avoiding unintended consequences for ecosystems, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Hyman-Rabeler, K. A., & Loheide II, S. P. (2023). Drivers of Variation in Winter and Spring Groundwater Recharge: Impacts of Midwinter Melt Events and Subsequent Freezeback. Water Resources Research, 59(1), e2022WR032733.


Bart, D., Loheide, SP II, & Booth, E. G. (2022). Indicators of regional high capacity well impacts predicts fen floristic quality and composition in Wisconsin calcareous fens. Biological Conservation, 266, 109448.

Jefferson AJ, Loheide SP II and McCay DH (2022) Faculty perspectives on a collaborative, multi-institutional online hydrology graduate student training program. Front. Water 4:958094. doi: 10.3389/frwa.2022.958094

Ryzak, A. C., Bart, D., Booth, E. G., & Loheide, S. P. (2022). Foliar Nutrients Reflect Variation in Floristic Quality and Hydrology of Calcareous Fens. Wetlands, 42(6), 60.

Booth, E. G., Loheide II, S. P., & Bart, D. (2202). Fen ecohydrologic trajectories in response to groundwater drawdown with an edaphic feedback. Ecohydrology, e2471.

Coville, R. C., Kruegler, J., Selbig, W. R., Hirabayashi, S., Loheide, S. P., Avery, W., et al. (2022). Loss of Street Trees Causes 6,000L/Tree Increase in Leaf-on Stormwater Runoff for Great Lakes Urban Sewershed. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 127649.

CUAHSI Officers & Board of Directors, A Ward, SP Loheide II, + 15 others (2022). COVID-19 Impacts Highlight the Need for Holistic Evaluation of Research in the Hydrologic Sciences. Water Resources Research, 58(2), e2021WR030930.

Selbig, WR., SP Loheide II, W Shuster, BC. Scharenbroch, RC. Coville, J Kruegler, W Avery, R Haefner, and D Nowak. (2022) Quantifying the Stormwater Runoff Volume Reduction Benefits of Urban Street Tree Canopy. Science of The Total Environment, 151296.


DM Ciruzzi and SP Loheide II. (2021) Monitoring Tree Sway as an Indicator of Interception Dynamics Before, During, and Following a Storm, Geophysical Research Letters 48(20).

Voter CB, SP Loheide II. (2021) “Climatic Controls on the Hydrologic Effects of Urban Low Impact Development Practices” Environmental Research Letters, Environ. Res. Lett. 16 064021.

DM Ciruzzi and SP Loheide II. (2021) Groundwater subsidizes tree growth and groundwater use in sandy humid forests. Ecohydrology, 14:e2294.

Jackson, TD, Sethi, S, Dellwik, E, Angelou, N, Bunce, A, van Emmerik, T, Duperat, M, Ruel, J.-C., Wellpott, A, Van Bloem, S, Achim, A, Kane, B, Ciruzzi, DM, Loheide II, SP, James, K, Burcham, D, Moore, J, Schindler, D, Kolbe, S, Wiegmann, K, Rudnicki, M, Lieffers, VJ, Selker, J, Gougherty, AV, Newson, T, Koeser, A, Miesbauer, J, Samelson, R, Wagner, J, Coomes, D, and Gardiner, B (2021) The motion of trees in the wind: a data synthesis. Biogeosciences, 18(13), 4059–4072.


Huang J, A Desai, J Zhu, P Stoy, SP Loheide II, H Bogena, Y Zhang, Z Zhang, F Arriaga. (2020). Retrieving Heterogeneous Surface Soil Moisture at 100 m Across the Globe via Fusion of Remote Sensing and Land Surface Parameters. Frontiers in Water. 2. 578367. 10.3389/frwa.2020.578367.

SP Loheide II. (2020). Collaborative Graduate Student Training in a Virtual World, EOS, 101,

Voter CB, SP Loheide II. (2020). Where and When Soil Amendment is Most Effective as a Low Impact Development Practice in Residential Areas, Journal of the American Water Resources Association

Bart D, Booth EG, Loheide SP II, Bernthal T (2020) The Impacts of Groundwater Extraction on Calcareous Fen Floristic Quality, Journal of Environmental Quality

Tague, CL, SA Papuga, C Gerlein‐Safdi, S Dymond, RR Morrison, EW Boyer, D Riveros‐Iregui, E Agee, B Arora, YG Dialynas, A Hansen, S Krause, S Kuppel, SP Loheide II, SJ Schymanski, and SC Zipper (2020), Adding our leaves: a community‐wide perspective on research directions in ecohydrology. Hydrological Processes. doi:10.1002/hyp.13693



Ciruzzi DM and SP Loheide II (2019) Monitoring tree sway as an indicator of water stress, Geophysical Research Letters, org/10.1029/2019GL084122

Nocco MA, SC Zipper, EG Booth, CR Cummings, SP Loheide II, and CJ Kucharik (2019) Combining Evapotranspiration and Soil Apparent Electrical Conductivity Mapping to Identify Potential Precision Irrigation Benefits, Remote Sens. 11(21), 2460

Motew MM, X Chen, SR Carpenter, EG Booth, J Seifert, J Qiu, SP Loheide II, MG Turner, SC Zipper, CJ Kucharik (2019) Comparing the effects of climate and land use on surface water quality using future watershed scenarios. Science of the Total Environment, 693,

Chen X, MM Motew, EG Booth, SC Zipper, SP Loheide II, CJ Kucharik, (2019) Management of minimum lake levels and impacts on flood mitigation: A case study of the Yahara Watershed, Wisconsin, USA. Journal of Hydrology, 577, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.123920

Qiu J, SC Zipper, M Motew, EG Booth, CJ Kucharik, SP Loheide II, (2019) Nonlinear groundwater influence on biophysical indicators of ecosystem services. Nature Sustainability, doi:10.1038/s41893-019-0278-2


Voter, CB, SP Loheide. 2018. Urban Residential Surface and Subsurface Hydrology: Synergistics Effects of Low-Impact Features at the Parcel Scale. Water Resources Research, (10), 8216–8233. DOI: 10.1029/2018WR022534

Nocco, MA, GJ Kraft, SP Loheide, CJ Kucharik. 2018. Drivers of Potential Recharge from Irrigated Agroecosystems in the Wisconsin Central Sands. Vadose Zone Journal, 17(1), UNSP 170008. DOI: 10.2136/vzj2017.01.0008

Qiu J, SC Carpenter, EG Booth, MM Motew, SC Zipper, CJ Kucharik, X Chen, SP Loheide II, J Seifert, MG Turner. Scenarios reveal pathways to sustain future ecosystem services in an agricultural landscape. 2018. Ecol Appl. doi:10.1002/eap.1633

Qiu J, SR Carpenter, EG Booth, M Motew, SC Zipper, CJ Kucharik, SP Loheide II, MG Turner 2018. Understanding relationships among ecosystem services across spatial scales and over time. Environmental Research Letters. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aabb87

Zipper SC, MM Motew, EG Booth, X Chen, J Qiu, CJ Kucharik, SR Carpenter, SP Loheide II (2018). Continuous separation of land use and climate effects on the past and future water balance. Journal of Hydrology. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.08.022

Dingfeng Cao, Bin Shi, Xulong Gong, Guangqing Wei, SP Loheide II and Lumei Yang. 2018. Investigation of the influence of soil moisture on thermal response tests using active distributed temperature sensing (A–DTS) technology. Energy and Buildings.


Soylu, M.E., S.P. Loheide II, and C.J. Kucharik. 2017. Effects of root distribution and root water compensation on simulated water use in maize influenced by shallow groundwater. Vadose Zone J. 16(10). doi:10.2136/vzj2017.06.0118

Zipper SC, ME Soylu, CJ Kucharik, SP Loheide II. (2017) Indirect groundwater-mediated effects of urbanization on agroecosystem productivity: Introducing MODFLOW-AgroIBIS (MAGI), a complete critical zone model. Ecological Modelling, 359: 201-219. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.06.002

Teodosio B, V Pauwels , SP Loheide II, and E Daly (2017), Relationship between root water uptake and soil respiration: a modeling perspective, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences., doi:10.1002/2017JG003831

Nocco MA, GJ Kraft, SP Loheide II, and CJ Kucharik, (2017) Drivers of potential recharge from irrigated agroecosystems in the Wisconsin Central Sands, Vadose Zone Journal, doi: 10.2136/vzj2017.01.0008.

Motew MM, X Chen, EG Booth, SR Carpenter, P Pinkas, SC Zipper, SP Loheide II, SD Donner, K Tsuruta, P Vadas, CJ Kucharik. (2017) The influence of legacy P on lake water quality in a Midwestern agricultural watershed. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-017-0125-0.

Zipper, S. C., J. Schatz, C. J. Kucharik, and P. Loheide (2017), Urban heat island-induced increases in evapotranspirative demand, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2016GL072190, doi:10.1002/2016GL072190.

Ankenbauer, K. J., and P. Loheide (2017), The effects of soil organic matter on soil water retention and plant water use in a meadow of the Sierra Nevada, CA, Hydrol. Process., 31(4), 891–901, doi:10.1002/hyp.11070.


Booth, E. G., J. Qiu, S. R. Carpenter, J. Schatz, X. Chen, C. J. Kucharik, S. P. Loheide, M. M. Motew, J. M. Seifert, and M. G. Turner (2016), From qualitative to quantitative environmental scenarios: Translating storylines into biophysical modeling inputs at the watershed scale, Environ. Modell. Softw., 85, 80–97, doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.08.008.

Booth, E. G., C. Zipper, S. P. Loheide, and C. J. Kucharik (2016), Is groundwater recharge always serving us well? Water supply provisioning, crop production, and flood attenuation in conflict in Wisconsin, USA, Ecosyst. Serv., 21, 153–165, doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.08.007.

Kang, Y., M. Ozdogan, C. Zipper, M.O. Roman, J. Walker, S.-Y. Hong, M. Marshall, V. Magliulo, J. Moreno, L. Alonso, A. Miyata, B. Kimball & S.P. Loheide II (2016), How Universal Is the Relationship between Remotely Sensed Vegetation Indices and Crop Leaf Area Index? A Global Assessment, Remote Sens., 8(7), 597, doi:10.3390/rs8070597.

Sourbeer, J. J., and S. P. Loheide (2016), Obstacles to long-term soil moisture monitoring with heated distributed temperature sensing, Hydrol. Process., 30(7), 1017–1035, doi:10.1002/hyp.10615.

Vose, J. M., C. F. Miniat, C. H. Luce, H. Asbjornsen, P. V. Caldwell, J. L. Campbell, G. E. Grant, D. J. Isaak, S. P. Loheide, and G. Sun (2016), Ecohydrological implications of drought for forests in the United States, For. Ecol. Manage., 380, 335–345, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2016.03.025.

Zipper, S. C., J. Schatz, A. Singh, C. J. Kucharik, P. A. Townsend, and S. P. Loheide (2016), Urban heat island impacts on plant phenology: intra-urban variability and response to land cover, Environ. Res. Lett., 11(5), 054023, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/5/054023.


Carpenter SR, EG Booth, S Gillon, CJ Kucharik, SP Loheide II, AS Mase, M Motew, J Qiu, AR Rissman, J Seifert, E Soylu, M Turner, and CB Wardropper (2015). Plausible futures of a social-ecological system: Yahara watershed, Wisconsin, USA. Ecology and Society 20(2): 10.

Miller JF, SP Loheide II, (2015) Visualizing Large Data Sets: Spatial and Temporal Soil Moisture Regime Dynamics, Vadose Zone Journal, doi:10.2136/vzj2015.03.0037

Zipper SC, ME Soylu, EG Booth, and SP Loheide II (2015), Untangling the effects of shallow groundwater and soil texture as drivers of subfield-scale yield variability, Water Resources Research. doi:10.1002/2015WR017522.P [featured as an EOS research spotlight]


Zipper, S. C., and S. P. Loheide (2014), Using evapotranspiration to assess drought sensitivity on a subfield scale with HRMET, a high resolution surface energy balance model, Agric. For. Meteorol., 197, 91–102, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.06.009.

Doherty, J. M., F. Miller, S. G. Prellwitz, A. M. Thompson, S. P. Loheide, and J. B. Zedler (2014), Hydrologic Regimes Revealed Bundles and Tradeoffs Among Six Wetland Services, Ecosystems, 17(6), 1026–1039, doi:10.1007/s10021-014-9775-3.

Soylu, M. E., J. Kucharik, and S. P. Loheide (2014), Influence of groundwater on plant water use and productivity: Development of an integrated ecosystem – Variably saturated soil water flow model, Agric. For. Meteorol., 189, 198–210, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.01.019.

Verma, P., P. Loheide, D. Eamus, and E. Daly (2014), Root water compensation sustains transpiration rates in an Australian woodland, Adv. Water Resour., 74, 91–101, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2014.08.013.

Moore, C. E., S P. Loheide, C. S. Lowry, and J. D. Lundquist (2014), Instream Restoration to Improve the Ecohydrologic Function of a Subalpine Meadow: Pre-Implementation Modeling with Hec-Ras, J. Am. Water Resour. Assoc., 50(4), 1033–1050, doi:10.1111/jawr.12155.

Cristea, N. C., J. D. Lundquist, S. P. Loheide, C. S. Lowry, and C. E. Moore (2014), Modelling how vegetation cover affects climate change impacts on streamflow timing and magnitude in the snowmelt-dominated upper Tuolumne Basin, Sierra Nevada, Hydrol. Process., 28(12), 3896–3918, doi:10.1002/hyp.9909.


Weber MD, EG Booth, SP Loheide II, Dynamic ice formation in channels as a driver for stream-aquifer interactions, Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/grl.50620

Deitchman RS, SP Loheide II, 2012, Climate sensitivity of thermal habitat of a trout stream, Wisconsin, USA, Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 48 (6), 1091-1103, DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2012.00673.x [link]

Orellana, F., P. Verma, S. P. Loheide II, and E. Daly, 2012. Monitoring and modeling water-vegetation interactions in groundwater-dependent ecosystems, Rev. Geophys., 50, RG3003, doi:10.1029/2011RG000383. [link]

Booth EG, SP Loheide II, 2012. Hydroecological model predictions indicate wetter and more diverse soil water regimes and vegetation types following floodplain restoration, J. Geophys. Res., 117, G02011, doi:10.1029/2011JG001831. [link]

Striegl AM, SP Loheide II, 2012. Heated distributed temperature sensing for field scale soil moisture monitoring, Groundwater, 50:3, 340-347 DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00928.x [link]

Soylu ME, JD Lenters, E Istanbulluoglu, SP Loheide II, 2012. On evapotranspiration and shallow groundwater fluctuations: A Fourier-based improvement to the White method, Water Resour. Res., 48, W06506, doi:10.1029/2011WR010964. [link]

Lowry CS, SP Loheide II, CE Moore, JD Lundquist, 2011. Groundwater controls on vegetation composition and patterning in mountain meadows, Water Resources Research, 47, W00J11, doi:10.1029/2010WR010086. [link]

Booth EG, SP Loheide II, 2012. Comparing surface effective saturation and depth-to-water-level as predictors of plant composition in a restored floodplain wetland, Ecohydrology, DOI: 10.1002/eco.250. [link]

Lundquist JD, SP Loheide II, 2011. How evaporative water losses vary between wet and dry water years as a function of elevation in the Sierra Nevada, California and critical factors for modeling, Water Resources Research, 47, doi:10.1029/2010WR010050. [link]

Loheide SP II, EG Booth, 2011. Effects of changing channel morphology on vegetation, groundwater, and soil moisture regimes in groundwater dependent ecosystems, Geomorphology, doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.04.016. [link]

Singha K, SP Loheide II, 2010. Linking physical and numerical modelling in hydrogeology using sand tank experiments and COMSOL Multiphysics,International Journal of Science Education, 1-25, DOI: 10.1080/09500693.2010.490570.

Booth EG, SP Loheide II, 2010. Effects of evapotranspiration partitioning, plant water stress response, and topsoil removal on the soil moisture regime of a floodplain wetland: Implications for restoration, Hydrological Processes, 24(20): 2934-2946. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7707. [link]

Lowry CS, JS Deems, SP Loheide II, JL Lundquist, 2010. Linking snowmelt derived recharge and groundwater flow in a high elevation meadow system, Sierra Nevada Mountains, California, Hydrological Processes, doi:10.1002/hyp.7714. [link]

Loheide SP II, RS Deitchman, DJ Cooper, EC Wolf, CT Hammersmark, JD Lundquist, 2010. Reply to Comment by B. Hill and S. Mitchell-Brunker on “A framework for understanding the hydroecology of impacted wet meadows in the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges, California, USA, Hydrogeology Journal, doi:10.1007/s10040-010-0635-8.

Lowry CS, SP Loheide II, 2010. Groundwater dependent vegetation: quantifying the groundwater subsidy, Water Resources Research, 46: W06202. doi:10.1029/2009WR008874. [link]

Deitchman, R.S., S.P. Loheide II, 2009. Ground-based thermal imaging of groundwater flow processes at the seepage face Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1029/2009GL038103 [link]

Loheide S. P. II, J. D. Lundquist, 2009. Snowmelt-induced diel fluxes through the hyporheic zone, Water Resour. Res., 45, W07404, doi:10.1029/2008WR007329 [link]

Booth, E.G., S.P. Loheide II, and R.H. Hansis, 2009. Postsettlement Alluvium Removal: A Novel Floodplain Restoration Technique (Wisconsin) Ecological Rest. 27(2): 136-139; DOI:10.3368/er.27.2.136 [link]

Li, Q., K. Ito, Z.S. Wu, C.S. Lowry, S.P. Loheide II, 2009. COMSOL Multiphysics: A Novel Approach to Groundwater Modeling. Ground Water.(DOI:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00584.x) [link]

Loheide, S. P., II, R. S. Deitchman, D. J. Cooper, E. C. Wolf, C. T. Hammersmark, and J. D. Lundquist, 2009. Hydroecology of impacted wet meadows in the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Ranges, CA. Hydrogeology Journal, 17:1, p. 229-246, doi: 10.1007/s10040-008-0380-4 [link]

Loheide, S. P., II (2008) A method for estimating subdaily evapotranspiration of shallow groundwater using diurnal water table fluctuations. Ecohydrology., 1, p. 59-66, DOI: 10.1002/eco.7 [unformatted pdf], [link]

Loheide, S. P., II, and S. M. Gorelick (2007), Riparian hydroecology: A coupled model of the observed interactions between groundwater flow and meadow vegetation patterning, Water Resour. Res., 43, W07414, doi:10.1029/2006WR005233[unformatted pdf], [link]

Butler, J.J.,Jr., G.J. Kluitenberg, D.O. Whittemore, S.P. Loheide, II, W. Jin, M.A. Billinger, and X. Zhan (2007), A Field Investigation of Phreatophyte-Induced Fluctuations in the Water Table.  Water Resour. Res., 43, W02404, doi:10.1029/2005WR004627. [email me for reprint], [link]

Loheide II, S. P. and S.M. Gorelick. 2006. Quantifying Stream-Aquifer Interactions Through Analysis of Remotely Sensed Thermographic Profiles and In-situ Temperature Histories. Environment, Science and Technology, 40, p. 3336-3341[email me for pdf], [link]

Loheide II, S. P. and S.M. Gorelick. 2005. A High-Resolution Evapotranspiration Mapping Algorithm (ETMA) with Hydroecological Applications at Riparian Restoration Sites, Remote Sensing of Environment. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2005.07.003.[email me for pdf], [link]

Loheide II, S. P., J.J. Butler Jr., and S.M. Gorelick. 2005. Estimation of Groundwater Consumption by Phreatophytes Using Diurnal Water Table Fluctuations: A Saturated-Unsaturated Flow Assessment, Water Resources Research (41:7), W07030 1-14, doi:10.1029/2005WR003942. [email me for pdf], [link]

Cain, S., G. Davis, S, Loheide II, and J. Butler Jr. 2004. Noise in Pressure Transducer Readings Produced by Variations in Solar Radiation, Ground Water (42:6) 939-944. [pdf],  The definitive version is available at

Butler, J.J., Jr., J.M. Healy, G.W. McCall, E.J. Garnett, and S.P. Loheide, II. 2002.  Hydraulic tests with direct-push equipment. Ground Water, 40(1), p. 25-36. [pdf],  The definitive version is available at

Loheide, S.P., D.L. Cannon, and N.C. Krothe. 2001. Delineating groundwater flow paths using stable isotopes, Proceedings form the X International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction Conference, Sardina, Italy, pp.1545 – 1548. Villasimius, Italy. [pdf]

Motzel, B.C., N.C. Krothe, C.B. Talbot and S.P. Loheide II. 2001. The Use of Nitrogen and Sulfur Isotopes in a Shallow Outwash Aquifer, New Approaches Characterizing Groundwater Flow, IAH, Seiler and Wohnlich Editors, ISBN 902651, pp. 595 – 599. [pdf]

Coon, S.R., T.Y., Zakharian, N.L., Littlefield, S.P., Loheide, E.J., Puchkova, R.M., Freeney, & V.N., Pak. 2000. Reversible metachromasy of Crystal Violet on titanium dioxide: A new surface photophysical phenomenon. Langmuir, 16 (25), 9690-9693. [link]